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Saint-Cirq-Lapopie

Saint-Cirq-Lapopie
Saint-Cirq-Lapopie
T.Verneuil Gallery
Duration 3h
For the whole family

Peyrolerie Gate

Gate and alley in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
Gate and alley in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
J.Morel

Originally in the axis of the rue de la Peyrolerie, remains of a door once defended by a portcullis.

Medieval bourgeois houses

Medieval bourgeois houses of Saint-Cirq Lapopie
Medieval bourgeois houses of Saint-Cirq Lapopie
J.Morel

13th and 14th century arcaded and half-timbered houses at the corner of the square. The current half-timbered floor is the result of a transformation at the end of the 15th century. The ground floor was wide open on the Place du Sombral, where the market has been held since the 13th century, but also on the main shopping street, Rue Droite or Grand Rue. Opposite, on the other side of the street, a succession of 5 arcades and 4 pointed arch doors. It is a series of houses on the ground floor serving as shops, built in the 13th or 14th century, according to the same module.

House of the Fourdonne

House of the Fourdonne in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
House of the Fourdonne in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
F.Laparra

Open-air theater and garden, along a lane paved with pebbles, crossed by boxes (vaults). The Town Hall and La Poste are now installed there.

Maisons Daura, international artist residency

Daura houses in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
Daura houses in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
V.Seguin

In this 15th century medieval house with small windows and trefoil arches, was the studio of the Catalan-born painter Pierre Daura. Characterized by windows with columns and trefoil tracery opening in the corner onto the Grand Rue. Extended in the 16th or XNUMXth century, along the Ruelle de la Fourdonne, it presents a series of joists sculpted by Pierre Daura under the timber frame with the cross of Saint-André. Today it is an international artists' residence, hosted by the Occitanie Region.

The seigniorial fort

On the narrow rocky outcrop overlooking the Lot valley and the medieval town, lies the fort of Saint-Cirq Lapopie. From the 3th century, the fort was shared between XNUMX families of dominant lords: the Lapopies, the Cardaillacs and the Gourdons. The site has been abandoned since the XNUMXth century, in favor of more “convenient” residences.

La Popie rock

Rock of La Popie overlooking Saint-Cirq Lapopie
Rock of La Popie overlooking Saint-Cirq Lapopie
R. Dose

At the highest point of the cliff, the popie (from the Occitan "popa", breast-shaped promontory) supported the first castle on the site, built in the 10th century and rebuilt in the 12th century. The foundations of the master tower and the seigniorial dwelling which dominated the fort remain, as well as the remains of a fortified gate of the enclosure. The top of the rock and the belvedere set up below offer views over the entire valley.

The Cardaillac castle

Near the church, ruins of a fortified residence with a main building leaning on a Romanesque keep with buttresses. Built inside the old barnyard of the fort between the beginning of the 13th and the 14th century, it is attributed to the Cardaillacs, who are part of the co-seigneurs of the place. It was modernized in the 15th century, before being gradually abandoned by the lords, following several destructions ordered by Louis XI, Charles VIII and Henri de Navarre. The terraces of the castle offer a beautiful view over the rooftops of the village.

Woodturning

Woodturning developed in the village before the 40th century, then became the dominant activity in the 19th century, in connection with the development of viticulture and the regional wine trade. Turners or "roubinetaïres" mass-produced barrel taps until the dawn of the XNUMXth century. They were up to XNUMX craftsmen in the village. The wood of the causses provided a material of choice for the turners, who made goblets, molds for buttons, bowls, then, from the XNUMXth century, taps for barrels, in particular for the barrels transporting Cahors wine by river and who contributed to the fame of the roubinétaïres of Saint-Cirq Lapopie throughout France.

The church of Saint-Cirq Lapopie

Saint-Cirq-Lapopie
Saint-Cirq-Lapopie
F.Laparra

Dedicated to Saint-Cyr (origin of the "Cirq" of Saint-Cirq Lapopie) and Sainte-Julitte his mother. He was the youngest martyr of Christianity (about 3 years old). It was Saint-Amadour who brought the relics back to France. The Gothic church, which was built from 1522, included the old Romanesque parish church. It retains the remains of its sculpted decoration with acanthus leaves from the 12th century, as well as fragments of wall paintings from the XNUMXth century. One of the side chapels of the church is dedicated to Saint Catherine, patron saint of wood turners. Near the gate, at the foot of the fortified bell tower, is preserved one of the stone measures that regulated the sale of grain in the market. On the back of the church, terraces and a view over the valley.

"Castle of Saint-Cirq Lapopie"

Castle of Saint-Cirq-Lapopie
Castle of Saint-Cirq-Lapopie
V.Seguin

XNUMXth century mansion.

Rignault House

Rignault House in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
Rignault House in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
V.Seguin

Old crenellated fortified house from the XNUMXth century, located on the edge of the cliff. Built below the fort by Lord Hébrard de Saint-Sulpice, who would have moved his residence outside the seigniorial enclosure. Magnificently restored by the art lover Joseph Rignault, it now houses an exhibition space linked to the Maison Breton, its neighbour. It also offers visitors magnificent gardens, which offer a breathtaking view of the Lot valley.

The inn of sailors Maison André Breton

Breton house in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
Breton house in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
V.Seguin

Characterized by the association of a dwelling and a tower, this fortified house with Gothic windows is representative of the houses of knights, which overlooked the valley, near the fort. This house is the oldest in the village, it dates from the XNUMXth century and its tower from the XNUMXth century. It was once the home of the surrealist writer, André Breton. Listed House of the Illustrious.

Carol Square

Bordered by the garden and the dovecote watchtower of the painter Henri Martin, this square offers a view of the plain of Tour-de-Faure. Start of a path descending towards the banks and the medieval mill of Aulanac, near the lock.

Rue de la Pelissaria

Rue de la Pélissaria in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
Rue de la Pélissaria in Saint-Cirq Lapopie
V.Seguin

Half-timbered two-storey houses from the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries. Lower down, near the Porte de la Pélissaria, a fine series of houses with arcaded stalls from the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries evoke the activity of the
skinners, who are the origin of the name given to the street.

Gate of Pelissaria

Porte de la Pélissaria at the foot of Saint-Cirq Lapopie
Porte de la Pélissaria at the foot of Saint-Cirq Lapopie
S. Majada @invitada_perfecta

At the end of rue de la Pélissaria, which extends rue Droite, the last city gate, sometimes called the Rocamadour gate, is the best preserved. It echoes the Porte de la Peyrolerie - known as Cahors - whose remains are still visible on the opposite side of the village, at the entrance to the rue Droite.

Focus on... the towpath

From the Middle Ages to the 20th century, the Lot made it possible to transport goods at a lower cost. The barges transported iron ore or coal from neighboring Aveyron and local products to Bordeaux: cereals, tobacco and Cahors wine, before returning to our countryside with cargoes of salt, manufactured products and stockfish (cod dried). To go up the current of the Lot, the gabarres (flat-bottomed boats) were pulled in convoy by men or draft animals. At the height of the Ganil lock, the cliff falls steeply into the river. This peculiarity forced men to hollow out the limestone rock of the cliff, to allow the circulation of animals. This work of art extends over almost a kilometer between Bouziès and Saint-Cirq Lapopie.

In 1985 and 2019, Daniel Monnier, a sculptor from Toulouse, undertook the creation of a bas-relief in the hollow side of the towpath.

Over 30 meters long, you can admire its representation of the river, its environment with its fauna, flora, rocks, fossils and whirlpools.

Saint-Cirq Lapopie towpath
Saint-Cirq Lapopie towpath
V.Seguin
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